The concept of land ownership has varied greatly over time. From the ancient times until the modern era, various people claimed to own a piece of land. Some claimed that they owned a plot of land for ten years, while others thought that the property could be divided into smaller pieces. It is unclear when individual ownership of land began, but experts agree that it took place in the post-vedic era.
In India, land ownership changed from community ownership to individual ownership. Land was considered a source of livelihood. As a result, it was bought and sold often. Most of the time, land for religious purposes was bought and sold.
The concept of land use changed as well. There was a move from farming to agriculture and from agriculture to urban or suburban development. However, the amount of agricultural land decreased over time. More than half of the region is now urban or suburban. Many of the remaining land is actively conserved for habitat values.
During the British era, princely states were formed in the area. 40 percent of the region was under princely control during this period. While there were numerous attempts to solve the land ownership issue, the landowners often took advantage of loopholes in the land reform laws.
For the study area, a 200-point survey was performed to provide detailed information on the current condition of land. This survey was conducted in all six inhabited villages within the park. A stratified random sampling methodology was used to ensure that a sample of sufficient size was obtained. Only 900 m2 units were selected, which allowed for a relatively extensive area to be surveyed.
In order to determine the relative changes in land condition over time, brightness and greenness indices were calculated. These indices were then compared visually to the national 1995 land-cover data set. They provided a cost-effective method for monitoring relative trends in land condition.
Although these indices are not comprehensive, they are a useful indication of relative changes in land condition. Using remote sensing images, the spatial patterns of change are monitored. If there is a high-frequency disturbance event (LID), the indices may not be able to capture the full extent of the change. Moreover, the use of historical maps is insignificant.
Several factors influence the relative magnitude of these indices. Broad-scale social and environmental conditions, traditional biogeophysical forces, and complex human factors all shape land cover trajectories. Therefore, a finer-scale analysis, such as a major field survey, is required to characterize the landscape at the most fine-grained scale.
The results of the analysis indicate that the quantitative indices of land use, land-cover, and climate, while impressive, are not indicative of the overall change in land use in the study area. Overall, the amount of land in agrarian use increased slowly from 1934 to 1975, and declined from 1975 to 2000. Interestingly, the area under agrarian use increased at the periphery as the core region converted from agrarian to urban.